Migrations across the Mediterranean Workshop Sciences Po Paris 2016 Catherine Wihtol de Wenden

Published: 9.8.2016

What's this about

  • Catherine Wihtol de Wenden is one of the foremost historians of the Mediterranean.
  • Her books include "Migrations en Méditerranée: permanences et mutations à l'heure des révolutions et des crises. Paris, 2015."
  • She discusses perspectives for analyzing the Mediterranean history.
  • See more: http://www.sciencespo.fr/ceri/fr/cerispire-user/7216/0

Catherine Wihtol de Wenden

Migrations in the Mediterranean sea are shaped by history and geography in the broader regions. Yves Lacoste, a geographer, evokes the "3 Mediterraneans". He says here there are different spaces communicating together. First there is the West Mediterranean; the Maghreb-European area in which you have much economic migration between the northern and southern shores of the Mediterranean sea. There is the second space: the Balkans. The issues there revolve around the disentanglement of nationalities. The third and last area is the Middle East, with issues linked to the crisis of migration we are experiencing now. 

Our overall typology of this region was not only crafted to understand migrations in the Mediterranean sea, but became a relevant frame of study. On one hand there is a face to face between regions shaped by a colonial past. On the other hand, there are historical remains from great empires like Turkey and the Austro-Hungarian one. And thirdly, there a set of political crises not only linked to Arab Spring but a wider framework of longer term experiences that are relevant as well.